Migraine headaches can be annoying at best and debilitating at worst. Migraines can cause nausea, vomiting, vision changes, and sensitivity to light or sound. While scientists still are not completely sure what causes them, research continues to evolve and scientists today have a better understanding of the many potential triggers for migraine headaches. There are some factors that you cannot control when it comes to migraine headache triggers, but there are many that you can. Knowing the potential risk factors for migraines can help you actively avoid triggers, particularly if you are at higher risk.
There are a number of biological and chemical causes for migraine headaches. While you may not be able to control the factors listed here, knowing your risk can help you make more informed lifestyle choices to help prevent migraines. The good news is that biological causes tend to be outweighed by lifestyle factors when it comes to migraine triggers, but it is still important to know what might put you at higher risk.
There are many lifestyle factors that can cause a migraine headache. These are typically easy to manage if you know you're at risk for migraines. Research shows that lifestyle factors are bigger migraine triggers than biological ones, which means that you can easily take steps to adjust your lifestyle and reduce your risk of migraines. Some of the major lifestyle factors to keep in mind include:
As you can see, there are many migraine factors that are difficult or impossible to change or eliminate. But knowing that you have genetic, chemical, or biological risk factors for migraines, you can make simple lifestyle changes like avoiding bright lights, loud sounds, caffeine, and alcohol. If you’re struggling to identify the cause of your migraines, use this list as a guide. Consider keeping a journal in which you document your lifestyle habits and when you experience migraines. Using the guide above, you may start to identify a pattern and can work with your doctor to create an effective treatment plan.